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   During  the  19th  century upto about 1990,  the  warfare was weapon driven. The weapons used were guns,submarines,tanks,aircrafts,etc. Proliferation of
    conventional,  nuclear and biological weapons was at peak owing to the competition between super powers. The next phase,in a new form, has just started
    from 1990 onwards. The world has graduated into ECONOMIC WARFARE. The means used is control of market forces through latest technologies. Today
    technology is the main driver of economic development at national level.
   We have to be clear that nobody is going to hold our hands to lead rather we ourselves have to lead from within.
   We have to remember that those who aim high, have to learn to walk alone too, when needed.
   USA Richard Branson, who established an empire of
    music-related  products , was from a family  of lawyers and high school dropouts. Andrew Carnegie, a name synonymous with the American steel and had
    no  formal  education.  Henry  Ford,  who  was  a  farmer’s  son  with a modest background, not only established the largest company of his times but also
    revolutionized manufacturing techniques.
   South  Korea  About three decades ago, South Korea was not even considered a force to contend with. Korea received some attention during the Korean
    war  in  the 1950s and was generally forgotten soon after. The country has suffered extensive damage while it was occupied by Japan during the Second
    World  War.  It  was considered by many nations, including India, to be a country so poor that there was no hope for it. It also suffered a partition. Despite
    this,South.Korea created a vision by which it became a major global player in a few years in some major economic sectors that used modern technologies.
   These  were steel production, shipbuilding, automobiles and electronics. There were many western economics who thought that this was a wrong strategy,
    because   the country did not have a natural core competence in any of these areas. But South Korea was a nation with a will.It did achieve success in all
    these areas.  South Koreans have gone on to become formidable multinationals in these areas as well as in several others.
   Koreans  from  an earlier generation recall that about two or three decades ago discussions around the dining table were confined to the food they ate in
    the  morning or at lunch;  or what was planned to be cooked later. Food was scarce, and a meal or some good food served as a strong incentive for most
    people. Just to be able to have three solid meals a day was a great achievement in that area. South Koreans have now gone well past that stage. Food is
    no longer   a major point of discussion with them.
   Israel wanted food and water security, in a place which was a desert. Water was scarce. They were surrounded by   hostile nations, and had very little by
    way of natural resources.They were a small country too. Yet they not only had a vision for food security, but also aimed   to become a leader in agrofood
    products  and  set  standards in terms of productivity, yield or even in absolute production in many items of food, be it milk or  fruit or other commodities.
    They  did  deploy a larger amount of technology in this venture, leading to Israel being today a leader in agriculture and agrofood   related technologies.
   What is a core competency? put simply , it means that in certain areas we have some inherent strengths whereby we can show a much better output and
    better  results in shorter times.
   Any group of people in any given locale and under any condition can accomplish what they really want to. But  there are certain things  which they can do
    much  better given the same will and effort ,either due to a more enabling environment or due to better experience .
   If the annual rainfall all over India were evenly spread over the country , the water would exceed one meter in depth.
   It is also important to recall the experience of C. Subramaniam, the then Union minister of agriculture during the critical years of 1965-66 and 1966-67.He
    has  stated  that  ‘we  had to import 10 million tones  and 11 million tones during these two yearsthat was a danger signal,  you can’t be  depending  upon
    imported  foodgrains  at  that  level,  particularly  when it came from 12000 miles away. During the second year of that critical period of drought, President
    Johnson, because of certain policies he had adopted, we reached a stage  where there were stocks for only two weeks and there was nothing in transit in
    the pipeline’.
   Land  and  water are most the important resources for agriculture, and we have them in adequate measure. India is one of the few countries where nearly
    50 percent  of  the  geographical  area  is arable,  a  benefit not available to china or USA. However, per capital availability of land is continuing to decline,
    leading to still  smaller, uneconomical holdings.
   India has a number of excellent mineral resources. It has very good iron deposits; manganese ores, etc . As for the wonder   modern metal titanium , India
    tops  the  list  of countries having this resource. We have one of the best quality bauxite ores in the world. We also have several rare  earth strategic and
    high  value  mineral  resources;  we  have rich beryl ores to supply beryllium and abundant resources( about three million tones)of monozite, a  source for
    many rare metal .
   Henry Ford often used to say, ‘Burn my factories but give me the people who were there; I will build a new business.’
   In  Kerala, for example,the Gulf employment boom was most visible in the flood of housebuilding activity.The employment boom in the Gulf countries which
    was  spearheaded  by  the  talented  people  of  kerala, has resulted in their having greater earning.They have money to save after spending on food and
    cloathing.
    These  saving  have  led  to  a  rapid growth of construction activities all around Kerala. This attitude of investing first in a house and,of course,jewellery is
    common   to  all  Indians. Such  investings,  if  directed  towards  industries,  will  have  a  good  impact  on  national  wealth.